• Open an account Open an A/C
    • Open an A/C
    • Trading A/c
    • Mutual Fund A/c
    • NBFC A/c
    • NPS A/c

Home   >  Equity   >  Get Quotes

  • SENSEX Aug 23 2019 12:00
    36,701.16 +228.23 ( +0.63%)
  • NIFTY Aug 23 2019 12:00
    10,829.35 +88.00 ( +0.82%)
  • SENSEX Aug 23 2019 12:00
    36,701.16 +228.23 ( +0.63%)
  • NIFTY Aug 23 2019 12:00
    10,829.35 +88.00 ( +0.82%)
  • Nasdaq Aug 24 2019 04:30
    7,751.77 -239.62 (-3.00%)
  • DJIA Aug 24 2019 04:30
    25,628.90 -623.34 (-2.37%)
  • S&P 500 Aug 24 2019 04:30
    2,847.11 -75.84 (-2.59%)
  • Hang Seng Aug 23 2019 02:10
    26,179.33 +130.61 ( +0.50%)
  • Crude Oil Aug 23 2019 11:30
    3,876.00 -140.00 (-3.49%)
  • Gold Aug 23 2019 11:29
    38,810.00 +645.00 ( +1.69%)
  • Silver Aug 23 2019 11:29
    44,590.00 +694.00 ( +1.58%)
  • Copper Aug 23 2019 11:29
    440.25 -4.65 (-1.05%)
  • Pound / Rupee Dec 23 2016 22:30
    87.42 +0.73 ( +0.84%)
  • Dollar / Rupee Dec 23 2016 22:30
    71.73 +0.32 ( +0.45%)
  • Euro / Rupee Dec 23 2016 22:30
    79.51 +0.28 ( +0.35%)
  • Yen / Rupee Dec 23 2016 22:30
    0.67 0.00 ( +0.49%)

Dr Reddys Laboratories Ltd

BSE Code : 500124 | NSE Symbol : DRREDDY | ISIN:INE089A01023| SECTOR: - |



-4.15 (-0.16%) Volume 280564

23-Aug-2019 EOD

Prev. Close


Open Price


Bid Price (QTY)


Offer Price (QTY)



Today’s High/Low 2,560.65 - 2,560.65

52 wk High/Low 2,964.00 - 1,872.95

Key Stats

MARKET CAP (RS CR) 42186.27
P/E 28.19
BOOK VALUE (RS) 766.8028696
DIV (%) 400
EPS (TTM) 90.09
PRICE/BOOK 3.31193335429844
DIV YIELD.(%) 0.79

News & Announcements


Dr Reddys Laboratories formulations manufacturing facility completes USFDA inspection


USFDA observations take toll on Dr Reddy's Lab


Dr Reddys Laboratories Ltd - Dr. Reddys Laboratories Limited - Updates


Dr Reddys Laborator launches Versavo® (bevacizumab biosimilar) in India


Dr Reddys Laboratories formulations manufacturing facility completes USFDA inspection


Dr Reddys Laborator launches Versavo® (bevacizumab biosimilar) in India


Dr. Reddy's Laboratories launches Pregabalin Capsules in US market


Dr Reddys Laboratories announces change in directorate

Corporate Actions

Capital Structure
Book Closure
Board Meeting


Income Statement


Peers Comparsion

Select Company Name BSE Code NSE Symbol
Alembic Ltd 506235 ALEMBICLTD
Alembic Pharmaceuticals Ltd 533573 APLLTD
Alkem Laboratories Ltd 539523 ALKEM
ANG Lifesciences India Ltd 540694
Anglo-French Drugs & Industries Ltd 40169
Astron Drugs & Industries Ltd 524206
Aurobindo Pharma Ltd 524804 AUROPHARMA
Bajaj Healthcare Ltd 539872
Bal Pharma Ltd 524824 BALPHARMA
Biocon Ltd 532523 BIOCON
Bombay Drugs & Pharma Ltd (Merged) 524512
Brooks Laboratories Ltd 533543 BROOKS
Cadila Healthcare Ltd 532321 CADILAHC
Cebon India Ltd 524272
Celestial Biolabs Ltd 532871 CELESTIAL
Cepham Organics Ltd 507756
Cian Healthcare Ltd 542678
Cipla Ltd 500087 CIPLA
Claris Lifesciences Ltd 533288
Concord Drugs Ltd 538965
Dee-Pharma Ltd 507722 DEEPHARMA
Dishman Carbogen Amcis Ltd 540701 DCAL
Dr Sabharwals Manufacturing Labs Ltd 507743
Dr.Datsons Labs Ltd 533412 DRDATSONS
Druid Pharma Ltd 40430
Earum Pharmaceuticals Ltd 542724
Eupharma Laboratories Ltd 530409 EUPHARMLAB
FDC Ltd 531599 FDC
Glenmark Pharmaceuticals Ltd 532296 GLENMARK
Gufic BioSciences Ltd 509079 GUFICBIO
Hindustan Bio Sciences Ltd 532041
Hindustan Biotech Ltd 40162
Indoco Remedies Ltd 532612 INDOCO
Ind-Swift Laboratories Ltd 532305 INDSWFTLAB
IOL Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals Ltd 524164 IOLCP
Ipca Laboratories Ltd 524494 IPCALAB
J B Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals Ltd 506943 JBCHEPHARM
Jagsonpal Pharmaceuticals Ltd 507789 JAGSNPHARM
Jayant Vitamins Ltd 506518
Jupiter Bioscience Ltd 524826 JUPITER
KDL Biotech Ltd 532291 KOPDRUGS
Kopran Ltd 524280 KOPRAN
Kothari Phytochemicals & Industries Ltd 40136
Lasa Supergenerics Ltd 540702 LASA
Lupin Laboratories Ltd (Merged) 500258 LUPINLAB
Lyka Labs Ltd 500259 LYKALABS
Mangalam Drugs and Organics Ltd 532637 MANGALAM
Medico Remedies Ltd 540937
Mercury Phytochem Ltd 524498
Merind Ltd 506895 MARIND
Mesco Pharmaceuticals Ltd 500274 MESCOPHARM
Morepen Laboratories Ltd 500288 MOREPENLAB
Mylan Laboratories Ltd 524794 MATRIXLABS
Natco Pharma Ltd 524816 NATCOPHARM
Oriental Remedies & Herbals Ltd 526989
Ortin Laboratories Ltd 539287 ORTINLABSS
P C I Chemicals & Pharmaceuticals Ltd 524792
Pan Drugs Ltd 531440
Panacea Biotec Ltd 531349 PANACEABIO
Phaarmasia Ltd 523620
Pharmaceutical Products of India Ltd 524113 PPIL
Piramal Enterprises Ltd 500302 PEL
Ranbaxy Laboratories Ltd (Merged) 500359 RANBAXY
RPG Life Sciences Ltd 532983 RPGLIFE
Saamya Biotech (India) Ltd 532905
Sakar Healthcare Ltd 538377 SAKAR
Sandoz (India) Ltd (Merged) 531990
Sharda Drugs & Industries Ltd 24206
Shree Ganesh Biotech India Ltd 539470
Shree Ganesh Remedies Ltd 540737
Siddhartha Pharmachem Ltd 532122
SMS Lifesciences India Ltd 540679 SMSLIFE
Socrus Bio Sciences Ltd 524719
SOL Pharmaceuticals Ltd 500393 SOLPHARMA
Solara Active Pharma Sciences Ltd 541540 SOLARA
Source Natural Foods & Herbal Supplements Ltd 531398
Strides Pharma Science Ltd 532531 STAR
Sumitra Pharmaceutical & Chemicals Ltd (Merged) 524133 SUMITRAPHA
Sun Pharmaceuticals Industries Ltd 524715 SUNPHARMA
Supriya Pharmaceuticals Ltd 524784
Surya Pharmaceutical Ltd 532516 SURYAPHARM
Syngene International Ltd 539268 SYNGENE
Syschem (India) Ltd 531173
Themis Medicare Ltd 530199 THEMISMED
Titan Biotech Ltd 524717
Tonira Pharma Ltd(merged) 530155
Torrent Pharmaceuticals Ltd 500420 TORNTPHARM
Triochem Products Ltd 512101
TTK Healthcare Ltd 507747 TTKHLTCARE
Unichem Laboratories Ltd 506690 UNICHEMLAB
Unicorn Pharmaceuticals (India) Ltd 524334
Vardhaman Laboratories Ltd 524796
Vikram Thermo (India) Ltd 530477
Vivimed Labs Ltd 532660 VIVIMEDLAB
Welcure Drugs & Pharmaceuticals Ltd 524661
Wintac Ltd 524758
Wockhardt Ltd 532300 WOCKPHARMA
Zillion Pharmachem Ltd 524476 ZILONPHARM
Zota Health Care Ltd 538426 ZOTA

Share Holding

Category No. of shares Percentage
Total Foreign 76575648 46.10
Total Institutions 22865881 13.77
Total Govt Holding 0 0.00
Total Non Promoter Corporate Holding 6770196 4.08
Total Promoters 44458528 26.76
Total Public & others 15443587 9.30
Total 166113840 100
  • Total Foreign
  • Total Institutions
  • Total Govt Holding
  • Total Non Promoter Corporate Holding
  • Total Promoters
  • Total Public & others

About Dr Reddy's Laboratories Ltd

Dr Reddy's Laboratories Ltd (DRL) is an integrated global pharmaceutical company, committed to providing affordable and innovative medicines for healthier lives. Through its three businesses - Pharmaceutical Services &Active Ingredients, Global Generics and Proprietary Products - Dr. Reddy's offers a portfolio of products and services including Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients (APIs), custom pharmaceutical services, generics, biosimilars and differentiated formulations. The company's major therapeutic areas of focus are gastrointestinal, cardiovascular, diabetology, oncology, pain management and dermatology. Dr. Reddy's operates in markets across the globe. Its major markets include - USA, India, Russia & CIS countries, and Europe. Dr Reddy's Laboratories was incorporated in the year 1984 in Hyderabad. The company was established by Dr Anji Reddy with an initial capital outlay of Rs 25 lakh. The company made their beginning with the manufacture of Active Pharmaceutical Ingredients and Intermediates (API) and commenced operations with a single drug in a 60-tonne facility near Hyderabad, India. In the year 1986, the company shares were listed on the Bombay Stock Exchange. Also, they entered international market with exports of Methyldopa. In the year 1987, the company obtained first USFDA approval for Ibuprofen API. In the year 1988, they acquired Benzex Laboratories Pvt Ltd to expand their Bulk Actives business. In the year 1990, they exported Norfloxacin and Ciprofloxacin to Europe and Far East. In the year 1991, they commenced formulation exports to Russia. In the year 1993, the company established Dr. Reddy's Research Foundation and initiated drug discovery programme. In the year 1994, they finished dosages facility established to cater to highly regulated markets such as the US. In the year 1995, the company set up joint venture in Russia. In the year 1997, they filled first ANDA with the United States Food and Drug Administration for Ranitidine. In the year 1999, the company acquired American Remedies Ltd, a pharmaceutical company based in India. In the year 2000, Cheminor Drugs Ltd, a group company merged with the company and thus the company became India's third largest pharma company. In the year 2001, the company launched Fluoxetine capsules. They became the first Indian company to win 180-day exclusivity for a generic drug in the US. Also, they launched their first generic product, Ranitidine, in the US market. In the year 2002, the company made their first overseas acquisition of BMS Laboratories Limited and Meridian Healthcare in UK. In the year 2003, they launched Ibuprofen, first generic product to be marketed under the 'Dr. Reddy's' label in the US. In the year 2005, they acquired Roche's API Business at its manufacturing site in Mexico. In the year 2006, the company acquired Betapharm the fourth largest generics company in Germany for a total enterprise value of Rs 480 million. In the year 2007, the company launched Reditux - the world's first biosimilar MAb - for the treatment of Non Hodgkins Lymphoma. Also, they became India's leading and most profitable pharmaceutical company. During the year 2008-09, the company acquired DowPharma's small molecules business in UK under Chirotech Technology Ltd, BASF Corporation's manufacturing facility at Shreveport in Louisiana, USA under Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Louisiana LLC and Jet Generici SRL, a company engaged in the sale of generic finished dosages in Italy. In addition, Perlecan Pharma Pvt Ltd, Macred India Pvt Ltd and Dr. Reddy's Laboratories ILAC Ticaret also became subsidiary of the company. During the year 2009-10, Dr. Reddy's Pharma SEZ Ltd was incorporated as a wholly-owned subsidiary of the company for the purpose of formulation manufacturing at Special Economic Zone and Perlecan Pharma Pvt Ltd was amalgamated with the company. Further, the company acquired the balance stake of 30% in Dr. Reddy's (Australia) Pty Ltd. The company filed 12 Abbreviated New Drug Applications (ANDAs) in US including six Para IV filing during the year. During the year 2010-11, the company acquired GlaxoSmithKline's (GSK) oral penicillin manufacturing facility located in Tennessee, USA. This allows the company to enter theUS penicillin-containing antibacterial market segment through brands such as Augmentin and Amoxil, and serve the needs of customers through manufacturing and other capabilities that did not previously exist within the company. Also, they increased the stake in the South African joint venture company to 100% after acquiring the 40% stake of the partner. During the year, the company launched Cresp in India, the first biosimilar darbepoetin alfa in the world. In March 2011, they launched Peg-grafeelTM in India in the form of an affordable pegfilgrastim, which is used to stimulate the bone marrow to produce more neutrophils to fight infection in patients undergoing chemotherapy. Peg-grafeelTM During the year, Idea2Enterprises (India) Pvt Ltd, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Romania SRL, I-Ven Pharma Capital Ltd, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Tennessee LLC and Dr. Reddy's Venezuela C.A. became wholly-owned subsidiaries of the company. Further, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories (Proprietary) Ltd also became wholly-owned subsidiary by virtue of purchase of its balance 40% stake by the company. Also, Macred India Pvt Ltd ceased to be a subsidiary of the company.On 27 July 2012, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories announced that the United States Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) had lifted import alert on its chemical manufacturing facility at Cuernavaca, Mexico after inspection of the unit in March 2012. Earlier, Dr. Reddy's Mexico facility was inspected by USFDA in November 2010 and based on observations by the USFDA, a warning letter was issued to the company on 14 June 2011.On 8 October 2012, the Custom Pharmaceutical Services (CPS) business of Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Ltd. announced expansion in the areas of activated mPEG manufacturing and in the development and manufacture of NCE (New Chemical Entities) APIs for use in pre-clinical through to commercial development at its manufacturing facility in Mirfield, UK.On 14 December 2012, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories announced that it had launched the recommended public offer to acquire all the issued and outstanding shares of OctoPlus N.V., a service based specialty pharmaceutical company, at an offer price of EUR 0.52 (cum dividend) per share. Shareholders (including certain members of the Boards) holding in aggregate 63.5% of the issued and outstanding ordinary shares of OctoPlus entered into irrevocable undertakings to tender their shares under the offer. On 28 February 2013, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories announced that it had raised its stake in OctoPlus N.V, to 98.6% following a public offer for all the issued and outstanding ordinary shares in the capital of OctoPlus. OctoPlus is a leading European provider of advanced drug formulation and clinical scale manufacturing services to the pharmaceutical and biotechnology industries, with a focus on difficult-to formulate active pharmaceutical ingredients.On 19 December 2014, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories announced that it had completed the acquisition of Habitrol brand (an over-the-counter nicotine replacement therapy transdermal patch) from Novartis Consumer Health Inc. following issuance of the proposed consent order from the US Federal Trade Commission (FTC) on 26 November 2014. The company had earlier entered into an asset purchase agreement with Novartis Consumer Health Inc. to acquire the title and rights of Habitrol brand and to market the product in the US market.On 22 March 2015, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories (NYSE: RDY) announced that it had settled its claims against Nordion Inc. (formerly MDS Inc.), headquartered in Ottawa, Canada, in a case pending in the United States District Court for the District of New Jersey, for a cash payment of USD 22.5 Million by Nordion to Dr. Reddy's. The case was brought by Dr. Reddy's in April 2009 seeking damages sustained by the company caused by a claimed breach by Nordion of its Laboratory Services Agreement with Dr. Reddy's. Nordion, as a contract research organization, provided laboratory services to Dr. Reddy's, including bio-equivalency studies, to support Dr. Reddy's regulatory applications for approval of generic drugs, including Abbreviated New Drug Applications (ANDAs) filed with the United States Food and Drug Administration (the USFDA) for approval to market generic drugs in the United States. The case arose after the USFDA cited MDS with violations of good laboratory practices which caused the USFDA not to accept, without further substantiation, MDS's laboratory reports performed during the period 2000-2004. On 23 March 2015, Dr Reddy's Laboratories announced that it has entered into an agreement with Hetero, under which Dr. Reddy's has been licensed to distribute and market Sofosbuvir 400 mg tablets , indicated in the treatment of Chronic Hepatitis C, under the brand name Resof, in India. On 1 April 2015, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories announced that it has entered into a definitive agreement to acquire a select portfolio of the established products business of UCB, a global biopharmaceutical company, in the territories of India, Nepal, Sri Lanka and Maldives. The revenue of the acquired business stood at approximately Rs 150 crore for calendar year 2014.On 29 May 2015, Dr Reddy's Laboratories Limited and AstraZeneca Pharma India Limited entered into a distribution agreement for saxagliptin and its fixed dose combination with metformin, in Type 2 DiabetesOn 6 August 2015, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Ltd. announced that it has entered into a strategic collaboration with Amgen, one of the world's leading independent biotechnology companies, to market and distribute three Amgen medicines in India in the areas of oncology and cardiology. On 16 September 2016, Dr. Reddy's announced that it had expanded its strategic collaboration with Amgen to market and distribute three of Amgen's medicines in India in the therapy areas of oncology and osteoporosis. On 9 September 2015, PanTheryx Inc., a global medical nutrition company based in Boulder, Colorado, and Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Ltd. announced a multi-country supply and licensing agreement whereby Dr. Reddy's Lab got the exclusive right to market and distribute PanTheryx's breakthrough nutritional intervention, DiaResQ, for infectious diarrhea in India and Nepal and in process for Russia, Myanmar, Vietnam, Ukraine, Sri Lanka, Kazakhstan, Belarus, Jamaica, and select LATAM markets. Dr. Reddy's will market the product in India and Nepal under the Reliqua brand. On 14 September 2015, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories announced the signing of a commercialization deal with Hatchtech, an Australian pharmaceutical company developing an innovative prescription head lice product, Xeglyze Lotion. The exclusive rights for this product are applicable for the territories of the United States, Canada, India, Russia and the CIS, Australia, New Zealand and Venezuela. On 4 November 2015, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories entered into a strategic alliance with Biocodex, a multinational pharmaceutical company, to market and distribute Biocodex products in the Romanian market. On 5 November 2015, the US Food and Drug Administration (USFDA) issued a warning letter to Dr. Reddy's Laboratories relating to its API manufacturing facilities at Srikakulam, Andhra Pradesh and Miryalaguda, Telangana, as well as Oncology Formulation manufacturing facility at Duvvada, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh. This action follows the earlier inspections of these sites by the agency in November 2014, January 2015 and February 2015 respectively. On 18 November 2015, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories announced that it had completed the purchase of worldwide exclusive intellectual property rights for Fondaparinux sodium, its generic anti-coagulant drug from its Australian partner, Alchemia Limited. Earlier, the company had signed a term sheet for this transaction in September 2015. Fondaparinux is a generic version of the anticoagulant drug Arixtra. On 11 March 2016, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Ltd. and TR-Pharm announced a strategic collaboration agreement for the manufacture and commercialization of a portfolio of Dr. Reddy's Laboratories' biosimilar drugs in Turkey. On 28 March 2016, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories and XenoPort, Inc. announced that they have entered into a license agreement pursuant to which Dr. Reddy's Laboratories will be granted exclusive US rights for the development and commercialization of XenoPort's clinical stage oral new chemical entity, XP23829. Dr. Reddy's Laboratories plans to develop XP23829 as a potential treatment for moderate-to-severe chronic plaque psoriasis and may potentially develop XP23829 for relapsing forms of multiple sclerosis (MS). On 31 March 2016, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories announced that it has entered into a licensing agreement with Eisai Co., Ltd, Japan by which Dr. Reddy's will be granted exclusive worldwide development and commercialization rights (excluding Japan and Asia) for Eisai's investigational anticancer agent E7777. Eisai will be responsible for the development and marketing of E7777 in Japan and Asia, while Dr. Reddy's holds the option for rights to develop and market the agent in India. On 25 May 2016, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories announced the acquisition of an eminent portfolio of over-the-counter (OTC) brands in the US in the cough-and-cold, pain, and dermatology categories from Ducere Pharma. On 3 August 2016, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories announced that it successfully completed the previously announced acquisition of a portfolio of complex generic products in the US from Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. and an affiliate of Allergan plc. On 11 June 2016, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories entered into a definitive agreement with Teva Pharmaceutical Industries Ltd. and an affiliate of Allergan plc to acquire a portfolio of eight Abbreviated New Drug Applications (ANDAs) in the US for $350 million in cash. On 7 October 2016, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories announced its entry into Colombia with its portfolio of high quality and affordable medicines for Cancer patients. On 26 October 2016, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories announced that it had entered into a strategic collaboration with Gland Pharma, a globally recognized developer and manufacturer of sterile dosage forms, to market and distribute a diverse portfolio of eight injectable Abbreviated New Drug Applications (ANDAs) in the United States. On 8 February 2017, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Ltd announced the expansion of its commercial operations in Europe with the introduction of its portfolio of generics in France. On 3 March 2017, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories announced that it had completed the acquisition of 100% stake in Imperial Credit Private Limited, a Non-Banking Finance Company (NBFC), based out of Kolkata, for a consideration of Rs 2.05 crore. The company proposes to undertake the group's captive financial activities through this entity. On 27 March 2017, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories and Integra LifeSciences Holdings Corporation, a leading global medical technology company, announced that they have entered into an exclusive distribution agreement. Under the agreement, Dr. Reddy's will market and distribute DuraGen Plus and Suturable DuraGen Dural Regeneration Matrices for use in patients in India. The DuraGen product line offers Duraplasty Solutions meant for the repair of the dura mater. Dura mater is a thick membrane that surrounds the brain and spinal cord, and contains the cerebrospinal fluid (CSF). DuraGen Plus Dural Regeneration Matrix is indicated as a dural substitute for the repair of dura mater. On 27 July 2017, Dr Reddy's Laboratories Ltd. and CHD Bioscience Inc., a privately-held biopharmaceutical company, announced a global licensing agreement for the clinical development and commercialization of Dr. Reddy's phase III clinical trial candidate, DFA-02. It is intended to be used for the prevention of surgical site infections, following non-emergency, elective colorectal surgery. Under the terms of the agreement, Dr. Reddy's would receive equity in CHD valued at $30 million upon an IPO of CHD or a minimum of $30 million in cash within 18 months of execution of the agreement. Dr. Reddy's will also receive additional milestone payments of $40 million upon USFDA approval. In addition, CHD will pay Dr. Reddy's double-digit royalties on sales and commercial milestones. On 22 August 2017, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Ltd. through its wholly owned subsidiary Promius Pharma, LLC, announced that it has out-licensed the future development, manufacturing, and commercialization rights of DFD-06, a topical high potency steroid, to Encore Dermatology Inc. The drug is intended to be used for treatment of moderate to severe plaque psoriasis. Under the terms of the agreement, Encore will be responsible for the commercialization of DFD-06 in the United States. Promius Pharma is eligible to receive certain pre- and post- commercialization milestone payments of up to USD $32.5 million, followed by fixed royalty payments on net sales. On 19 December 2017, Dr. Reddy's Laboratories Ltd. announced that its US subsidiary had reached a settlement with the US Government in a case involving packaging for five blister-packed prescription products. In a joint filing by the parties, Dr. Reddy's and the US Department of Justice agreed to the settlement of the action without any adjudication of any issue of fact or law.

Contact us